On peace and development economics

Shikha Silwal

Abstract


Peace and economic development are inextricably linked, yet there is little synergy between researching and teaching the two. The development literature largely assumes peace, even if amidst weak institutions, while the peace economics literature largely assumes the absence of development. This essay presents examples of how integrating the two could help the profession understand better the economics of being poor. Since scholarship flows into what we teach, challenges and opportunities in teaching the economics of war and peace are also discussed.

Keywords


Peace; development; migration

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only

References


Anderton, C.H. and J.R. Carter. 2009. Principles of Conflict Economics. New York: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511813474

Bansak, C., B. Chezum, and A. Giri. 2015. “Remittances, School Quality, and Household Education Expenditures in Nepal.” IZA Journal of Migration. Vol. 4, Article 16. Available at https://izajodm.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40176-015-0041-z [accessed 2 September 2017].

Blattman, C. and J. Annan. 2010. “The Consequences of Child Soldiering.” Review of Economics and Statistics. Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 882–898. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00036

Blattman, C. and E. Miguel. 2010. “Civil War.” Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. 48, No. 1, pp. 3–57. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.48.1.3

Brauer, J. and J. Paul Dunne. 2012. Peace Economics: A Macroeconomic Primer for Violence-Afflicted States. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

Bundervoet, T., P. Verwimp, and R. Akresh. 2009. “Health and Civil War in Rural Burundi.” Journal of Human Resources. Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 536–563. https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.44.2.536

Camacho, A. 2008. “Stress and Birth Weight: Evidence from Terrorist Attacks.” American Economic Review. Vol. 98, No. 2, pp. 511–515. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.98.2.511

Chauvet, L. and M. Mercier. 2014. “Do Return Migrants Transfer Political Norms to their Origin Country? Evidence from Mali.” Journal of Comparative Economics. Vol. 42, No. 3, pp. 630–651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2014.01.001

Dalrymple, W. 2015. “The Great Divide: The Violent Legacy of Indian Partition.” The New Yorker. 29 June 2015. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/06/29/the-great-divide-books-dalrymple [accessed 1 September 2017].

Docquier, F. and H. Rapoport. 2012. “Globalization, Brain Drain, and Development.” Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 681–730. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.50.3.681

Docquier, F., E. Lodigiani, H. Rapoport, and M. Schiff. 2016. “Emigration and Democracy.” Journal of Development Economics. Vol. 120, pp. 209–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.12.001

Grieco, E.M. 1998. “The Effects of Migration on the Establishment of Networks: Caste Disintegration and Reformation Among the Indians of Fiji.” International Migration Review. Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 704–736. https://doi.org/10.2307/2547769

Guiso, L., P. Sapienza, and L. Zingales. 2006. “Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?” Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 23–48. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.20.2.23

Hanushek, E.A. and L. Woessmann. 2008. “The Role of Cognitive Skills in Economic Development.” Journal of Economic Literature. Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 607–668. https://doi.org/10.1257/jel.46.3.607

Hoeffler, A. 2013. “Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire? Migration from Fragile States to Fragile States.” OECD Development Co-operation Working Paper 9/2013. Paris: OECD. https://doi.org/10.1787/5k49dffmjpmv-en

Khwaja, A., A. Mian, and P. Bharadwaj. 2008. “The Big March: Migratory Flows After the Partition of India.” Economic and Political Weekly. 30 August 2008. Vol. 43, No. 35, pp. 39–49.

Leon, G. 2012. “Civil Conflict and Human Capital Accumulation: The Long-Term Effects of Political Violence in Peru.” Journal of Human Resources. Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 991–1022. https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.47.4.991

LeSage, J.P. and C.L. Ha. 2012. “The Impact of Migration on Social Capital: Do Migrants Take their Bowling Balls with Them?” Growth and Change. Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2257.2011.00575.x

Mahmoud, O.T., H. Rapoport, A. Steinmayr, and C. Trebesch. 2013. “The Effect of Labor Migration on the Diffusion of Democracy: Evidence from a Former Soviet Republic.” Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration. Discussion Paper Series CDP No. 20/13. London: University College London. Available at http://www.cream-migration.org/publ_uploads/CDP_20_13.pdf [accessed 2 September 2017].

Miguel, E. and G. Roland. 2011. “The Long-Run Impact of Bombing Vietnam.” Journal of Development Economics. Vol. 96, No. 1, pp. 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2010.07.004

Miguel, E., S. Satyanath, and E. Sergenti. 2004. “Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach.” Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 112, No. 4, pp. 725–753. https://doi.org/10.1086/421174

Özden, Ç., H. Rapoport, and M. Schiff. 2011. “Five Questions on International Migration and Development.” The World Bank Economic Review. Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/lhr021

Pfutze, T. 2012. “Does Migration Promote Democratization? Evidence from the Mexican Transition.” Journal of Comparative Economics. Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 159–175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jce.2012.01.004

Pritchett, L. 2006. “Let Their People Come: Breaking the Gridlock on International Labor Mobility.” Washington, D.C.: Center for Global Development.

Schultz, T.W. 1980. “Nobel Lecture: The Economics of Being Poor.” Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 88, No. 4, pp. 639–651. https://doi.org/10.1086/260895

Sen, A. 2001. Development as Freedom. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Sen, A. 2008. “Violence, Identity, and Poverty.” Journal of Peace Research. Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 5–15. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022343307084920

Shemyakina, O. 2011. “The Effect of Armed Conflict on Accumulation of Schooling: Results from Tajikistan.” Journal of Development Economics. Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 186–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2010.05.002

Silwal, S. 2016. “Resilience Amidst Conflict? The Effect of Civil War Exposure on Secondary Education.” International Journal of Development and Conflict. Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 97–120.

Singh, P. and O. Shemyakina. 2016. “Gender-Differential Effects of Terrorism on Education: The Case of the 1981–1993 Punjab Insurgency.” Economics of Education Review. Vol. 54, pp. 185–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2016.02.003

Spilimbergo, A. 2009. “Democracy and Foreign Education.” American Economic Review. Vol. 99, No. 1, pp. 528–543. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.99.1.528

Tabellini, G. 2008. “Presidential Address: Institutions and Culture.” Journal of the European Economic Association. Vol. 6, Nos. 2–3, pp. 255–294. https://doi.org/10.1162/JEEA.2008.6.2-3.255




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.12.2.5

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.