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Author Guidelines

Please respect your editors’ and reviewers’ time and prepare your manuscript in conformance with these guidelines. 

Authors of solicited or commissioned articles should contact

Authors wishing to submit unsolicited articles are expected to first contact with an extended abstract or overview of the intended article. Set out the context, the main hypothesis or line of argument, the main theoretical element and/or the data sources, procedures, and findings, as well as the main policy implication, if any. Remember that articles in this journal are more about peace and security than they are about war and insecurity. If we find your proposed article to be of likely interest, you will be invited to submit an article for formal review.

Note that we employ plagiarism checks.

The initial submission for review should be in PDF format, between 4-6,000 words in length. (Once a submission is accepted, the final submission for publication must be in OpenOffice, RTF, Microsoft Word, or WordPerfect. Submit in Times New Roman, double-spaced, 12-point font.)

EPSJ is composed in WordPerfect and published in PDF format. Since Figures generally do not translate smoothly to WordPerfect, we may ask you to submit raw data that will permit us to recreate any Figures you submit. Absolutely minimize the formatting of your text and keep Tables and Figures simple and to the point. Submit your manuscript as a single file, and append Figures and Tables to the end of your document. In the main text, use placeholders such as these [TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE] and [FIGURE 1 ABOUT HERE] to refer to tables and figures.

Heading [i.e., in bold type-font]

Subheading [i.e., italic type-font]

We strongly discourage the use of further subdivisions. In the title, headings, and subheadings we only capitalize proper nouns (e.g.,“The privatization of Afghan militias” not “The Privatization of Afghan Militias”). 

References to Tables and Figures in the text are capitalized (e.g., “As Table 1 shows,” not “as table 1 shows”). Please be sure to include proper units of measurement and that, when applicable, source notes are provided. Tables and Figures generally need to fit a maximum width of 3.4 inches. (We can, however, do a layout across our 2-column format.) Please plan accordingly. Alternatively, we may push material into an Appendix to accompany your article (Table A1, etc.; Figure A1, etc.) or else prepare material as supplemental material (Table S1, etc.; Figure S1, etc.) for placement on the journal’s web site. 

Unlike other journals, we discourage text that embeds literature references. Instead we ask that authors place references in endnotes. For instance, instead of “It has been shown that the budgetary cost of switching from an all-volunteer to a conscripted force in the United States results in marginal budgetary savings only (Simon and Warner, 2007),” write the same sentence but place the reference in an endnote. This is to maintain readability of the text. Except for survey articles, keep endnotes and references to a minimum. There is no need to show off your erudition or demonstrate that you perused all of the latest newspapers and web sites.

Outline. Please outline your document as follows (without the numbering):

1. Title

2. Author/s [contact information goes in the Notes section; see  item #12 below]

3. Abstract [strictly not to exceed 190 words; include a statement about the problem/topic and the main finding/view]

4. Keywords: 3-5 keywords

5. JEL codes: 1-3 JEL codes [see]

6. Text [do not start with “Introduction,” as it is understood that the beginning of the text is the introduction].

7. Heading

8. Text

9. Subheading

10. Text

11. Etc. [i.e., where warranted, again Heading, Subheading, Text]

12. Notes

13. References [see below for details]

14. Appendix/Appendices [as needed]

Introduce your article with a clear statement of the context, problem, and/or thesis, your main finding or point of argument, and the sections by which the article proceeds. (Note that we use “article,” not “paper.”) The first item under the Notes heading, before the placement of the first endnote, should be the author/s name in bold type-face followed by position, affiliation, and how the author/s may be reached by email. Keep it simple and to the point. For example, “Jurgen Brauer is Emeritus Professor of Economics, James M. Hull College of Business, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA. He may be reached at”

Length: Unless you have prior consent from the editors, keep your manuscript to between 4-6,000 words (including notes and references) and follow this stylesheet. Expert readers will be familiar with the literature. Nonexpert readers need only understand the literature to the extent that it provides context for your piece. Thus, unless the point of your article is a substantive review of the literature, keep any literature overview brief and to the point. Mathematical expressions, where helpful in exposition, are welcome as part of the narrative but keep in mind that the journal is aimed in part at a noneconomist audience. It may be preferable to place any mathematics in a self-contained appendix.

We punctuate U.N., U.K., and U.S. but not EU, IMF, NATO, SIPRI. We do not hyphenate policymaker, decisionmaker, neoliberal, warlord. When in doubt, write as you like; we’ll edit. Note that U.N., U.K., and U.S. are spelled out as United Nations, United Kingdom, and United States when used as stand-alone references. In contrast, use U.N. policy, U.K. nuclear program, or U.S. administration. We do not capitalize geographic identifiers or wars. Thus, we write Korean peninsula, Malacca strait, Jordan river, not Korean Peninsula, Malacca Strait, Jordan River, and instead of post-Cold War, World War II, Vietnam War, we write post-cold war, world war two, and Vietnam war.

Citations in the notes should read as follows: Sandel (1998) or Sandel (1998, p. 113), or Sandel (1998a, p. 113), or Sandel (1999a, pp. 113-114). Separate multiple citations by a semi-colon, e.g., Sandel (1998); Galston (2004).

References. For your list of references, please follow the examples supplied below. Accuracy and completeness are key attributes of referencing (especially volume, issue number, page numbers for journals). If readers cannot find and access a reference, it is not a good reference to use. An author’s first name is generally not spelled out.


Sandler, T. and K. Hartley. 1995. The Economics of Defense. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Brauer, J. and H. van Tuyll. 2008. Castles, Battles, and Bombs: How Economics Explains Military History. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Edited book.

Levine, P. and R. Smith, eds. 2003. Arms Trade, Security, and Conflict. London: Routledge.

Article in edited book.

Rip, A. and R. Kemp. 1998. “Technological Change,” pp. 327-400 in S. Rayner and E.L. Malone, eds. Human Choice and Climate Change. Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: Batelle Press. 

Journal/magazine article.

Warner, J.T. and B.J. Asch. 2001. “The Record and Prospects of the All-Volunteer Military in the United States.” Journal of Economic Perspectives. Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 169-192.

Shea, N. 2006. “Military Medicine: From the Front Lines to the Home Front.” National Geographic. Vol. 210, No. 6, pp. 68-105. 

Document [government, international organizations, NGOs, etc.].

[GAO] Government Accountability Office. 2005. “Afghanistan Security: Efforts to Establish Army and Police Have Made Progress, but Future Plans Need to be Better Defined.” Report GAO-05-575. Washington, D.C.: GAO. [accessed 9 December 2006].

The Senlis Council. 2006. “Field Notes. Afghanistan Insurgency Assessment: The Signs of an Escalating Crisis. Insurgency in the Provinces of Helmand, Kandahar and Nangarhar.” London: The Senlis Council. [accessed 9 December 2006].

To facilitate referencing, the [GAO] part would appear in the Notes, instead of spelling out the entire “Government Accountability Office” phrase. This is particularly useful when referring to offices with lengthy names, such as “Bureau of Economic Analysis. U.S. Department of Commerce” which then is more readily referred to as [BEA]. Note also how the GAO sample reference is combined with its web citation (also see below: Web site). 

Working paper/thesis.

Lokshin, M. and R. Yemtsov. 2005. “Who Bears the Cost of Russia’s Military Draft?” Policy Research Working Papers, No. 3547. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Khan, Z.B. 2015. "The Impact of War on Resource Allocation: 'Creative Destruction' and the American Civil War." National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) Working Paper No. 20944. Cambridge, MA: NBER.

Şimşek, V. 2005. “Ottoman Military Recruiting and the Recruit, 1826-1853.” MA Thesis. Ankara, Turkey: Bilkent University. 

Newspaper [signed articles].

Higgins, A. 2006. “Anti-Americans on the March.” The Wall Street Journal. 9-10 December 2006, pp. 1, 5. 

This particular example is from the Saturday edition, hence the two-day designation; it also splits across non-consecutive pages, hence the comma in-between the pages.

Newspaper [unsigned articles].

[Economist] 2005. “The Russian Army: How are the Mighty Fallen.” The Economist. 2 July 2005, pp. 29-30.

For The Wall Street Journal or Financial Times, it is not necessary to specify a location. But when referring to the The Star, clearly it would be helpful to write The Star [Johannesburg]. Likewise, The Sunday Herald could be in Sydney, Glasgow, or Halifax. If you refer to a print edition, indicate the page number/s. If you refer to a web edition, see below (Web site).

Web site.

Wikipedia. 2006. “Zeppelin.” [accessed 19 September 2006].

Isenberg, D. 2003. “Security for Sale in Afghanistan.” Asia Times Online [Hong Kong]. 4 January 2003. [accessed 9 December 2006].


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The initial submission for review file is in PDF format. If accepted, the final submission file will be in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format. Submit in Times New Roman, double-spaced, 12-point font.
  3. The text strictly adheres to the length, stylistic, bibliographic, and other requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which are found in About the Journal.
  4. Authors MUST check this box: Checking it says that if you wish to ensure double blind review, you have read and followed the instructions for Ensuring a Blind Review.
  5. Authors MUST check this box: Checking it says that you understand that all reviews are anonymous and that, where feasible and warranted, the editors may attempt to condense all internal and external reviews received into a single, combined review. Authors thus respond to a unified set of comments instead of "rebutting" each and every point made in each individual review. We trust this procedure will assist authors to focus on the summative essence of the comments made by the collective of the reviewers.

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