Some exercises with SIPRI’s military expenditure alpha (α) data: Same story for Greece and Turkey?

Gülay Günlük-Şenesen

Abstract


The purpose of this article is to assess the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) updated military expenditure data for Greece and Turkey. Testing for data reliability involves two stages. First, for 1949–2014, the time pattern of Turkish military expenditure is explored by comparing national military budget data with the updated SIPRI data. Second, the new data for 1980–2001 are used to replicate an earlier study on possible action-reaction military spending behavior between Greece and Turkey. The findings still hold when the analysis is based on SIPRI’s updated data.


Keywords


SIPRI; Greece; Turkey; military expenditure

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayman, G. and G. Gunluk-Senesen. 2016. “Turkey’s Changing Security Perceptions and Expenditures in the 2000s: Substitutes or Complements?” Economics of Peace and Security Journal. Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 35-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.11.1.35

Brauer, J. 2003. “Turkey and Greece: A Comprehensive Survey of the Defence Economics Literature,” pp. 193-241 in C. Kollias and G. Gunluk-Senesen, eds. Greece and Turkey in the 21st Century. The Political Economy Perspective. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Dokos, T. and P. Tsakonas. 2003. “Greek–Turkish Relations in the Post-Cold War Era,” pp. 9-35 in C. Kollias and G. Gunluk-Senesen, eds. Greece and Turkey in the 21st Century. The Political Economy Perspective. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Gunluk-Senesen, G. 1993. “An Overview of the Arms Industry Modernization Programme in Turkey,” pp. 521-532 [Appendix 10E] in SIPRI Yearbook 1993, World Armaments and Disarmament. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gunluk-Senesen, G. 2002. Türkiye’de Savunma Harcamalari ve Ekonomik Etkileri (1980–2001), Istanbul: TESEV.

Gunluk-Senesen, G. 2004. “An Analysis of the Action-Reaction Behaviour in Defense Expenditures of Turkey and Greece.” Turkish Studies. Vol. 5, No. 1, pp.78-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14683849.2004.9687243

Gunluk-Senesen, G. 2010. “Turkey’s Defense Expenditures in the 2000s,” pp. 143-150 in A. Bayramoglu and A. Insel, eds. Almanac Turkey 2006-2008: Security Sector and Democratic Oversight. Istanbul: TESEV.

Gunluk-Senesen, G. and H. Kirik. 2016. “The AKP Era: Democratization or Resecuritization? An Assessment of the Institutional and Budgetary Reflections.” Research and Policy on Turkey. Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 75-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23760818.2015.1099783

Kollias, C. 2004. “The Greek-Turkish Rapprochement, the Underlying Military Tension and Greek Defense Spending.” Turkish Studies. Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 99–116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14683849.2004.9687244

Kollias, C. and S.M. Paleologou. 2002. “Is There a Greek–Turkish Arms Race? Some Further Empirical Results from Causality Tests.” Defence and Peace Economics. Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 321–328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10242690212357

Kollias, C. and G. Gunluk-Senesen, eds. 2003. Greece and Turkey in the 21st Century: Conflict or Cooperation? New York: NovaScience.

Kollias, C., S.M. Paleologou and A. Stergiou. 2016. “Military Expenditure in Greece: Security Challenges and Economic Constraints.” Economics of Peace and Security Journal. Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 28-34. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1535/epsj.11.1.28

Maliye Bakanligi.1993. Savunma ve Guvenlik Hizmetleri (1924–1993). Ankara.

Newbold, P., W.L. Carlson, and B. M. Thorne. 2003. Statistics for Business and Economics. London: Prentice Hall.

Perlo-Freeman, S., M. Carriera, A. Fleurant, N. Kelly, P.D. Wezeman, and S. Wezeman. 2015. “Military Expenditure Data, 2005-2014,” pp. 373-402 in SIPRI Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

[SIPRI] Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2015. SIPRI Yearbook 2015: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Sonmezoglu, F. and G. Ayman. 2003. “The Roots of Conflict and the Dynamics of Change in Turkish–Greek Relations,” pp. 37-48 in C. Kollias and G. Gunluk-Senesen, eds. Greece and Turkey in the 21st Century. The Political Economy Perspective. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Yenturk, N. 2014. “Measuring Turkish Military Expenditure.” SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security.http://books.sipri.org/files/insight/SIPRIInsight1401.pdf [accessed 9 September 2016].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.11.2.14

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.