Burden-sharing for global cooperation on safety and security


  • Marion Bogers Netherlands Defence Academy
  • Robert Beeres Netherlands Defence Academy
  • Myriame Bollen Netherlands Defence Academy




Burden-sharing, NATO, public goods, military contributions, foreign aid, combating terror finance, carbon dioxide reductions, refugee protection


Across the world, the perceived common ground regarding global safety and security is changing. Facing divergent threats, in addition to their cooperation on defense states will increasingly need to collaborate on additional dimensions to protect their citizens. Hence, next to the military burden-sharing debate, questions as to whether states are contributing their fair shares in other arenas as well will be subject to debate also. This article analyzes national contributions by 28 NATO states to five dimensions connected to today’s safety and security situation, namely military expenditures, foreign aid, combating terror financing, carbon dioxide reductions, and refugee protection. We find that states vary in their contributions to safety and security, each preferring to fund some dimensions more than others. We suggest that acknowledging and allowing for a certain degree of complementarity among states could help transform the debate on burden-sharing, which is cost-focused, to include benefit-sharing behavior. Thus, it may become possible to value every country’s contributions and, building on national strengths, to further cooperation for safety and security along all necessary dimensions.

Author Biographies

Marion Bogers, Netherlands Defence Academy

Marion Bogers is Assistent Professor of Defence Economics at the Faculty of Military Sciences, Netherlands Defence Academy

Robert Beeres, Netherlands Defence Academy

Robert Beeres is Professor of Defence Economics at the Faculty of Military Sciences, Netherlands Defence Academy

Myriame Bollen, Netherlands Defence Academy

Myriame Bollen is Professor of Civil Military Interaction at the Faculty of Military Sciences, Netherlands Defence Academy


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How to Cite

Bogers, M., Beeres, R., & Bollen, M. (2019). Burden-sharing for global cooperation on safety and security. The Economics of Peace and Security Journal, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.15355/epsj.14.1.27




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