Issues in third-party intervention research and the role of destruction in conflict

Joel Potter, John L. Scott

Abstract


Research on third-party intervention into conflict has accelerated in recent years. Although some studies have explicitly assumed that third parties only value peace, recent theory has modeled parties to a conflict more flexibly. In addition, empirical results provide evidence that third-party motives are more complex than straightforward peacemaking. In particular, although the United Nations attempts peacemaking missions, evidence suggests that United Nations interventions prolong conflict. We sample the literature on interventions and offer directions for further research. On the empirical side, we suggest that third-party research should exploit recent applications of statistical modeling that unravel the complexity created by the fact that the decision to intervene in a conflict may depend on the same factors that contribute to the duration of the conflict. On the theoretical side, in contrast to previous studies, we suggest modeling the destruction that armed conflict causes as a choice variable.

Keywords


Third-party intervention; United Nations; peacekeeping; destruction

Full Text:

PDF

References


Balch-Lindsay, D. and A.J. Enterline. 2000. “Killing Time: The World Politics of Civil War Duration, 1820-1992.” International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 615-642.

Benner, T., A. Binder, and P. Rotmann. 2007. “Learning to Build Peace? United Nations Peacebuilding and Organizational Learning: Developing a Research Framework.” Global Public Policy Institute Research Paper Series. GPPi Research Paper No. 7, pp. 1-81.

Chang, Y.-M., J. Potter, and S. Sanders. 2007a. “The Fate of Disputed Territories: An Economic Analysis.” Defence and Peace Economics. Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 183-200.

Chang, Y.-M., J. Potter, and S. Sanders. 2007b. “War and Peace: Third-party Intervention in Conflict.” European Journal of Political Economy. Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 954-974.

Chang, Y.-M., and S. Sanders. 2009. “Raising the Cost of Rebellion: The Role of Third-party Intervention in Intra-state Conflict.” Defence and Peace Economics. Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 149-169.

Collier, P. and N. Sambanis. 2002. “Understanding Civil War: A New Agenda.” Journal of Conflict Resolution. Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 3-12.

Collier, C., A. Hoeffler, and M. Soderbom. 2008. “Post-Conflict Risks.” Journal of Peace Research. Vol. 45, No. 4, pp. 461-478.

Doyle, M.W. and N. Sambanis. 2000. “International Peacebuilding: A Theoretical and Quantitative Analysis.” American Political Science Review. Vol. 94, No. 4, pp. 779-801.

Elbadawi, I.A. and N. Sambanis. 2000. “External Interventions and the Duration of Civil Wars.” Mimeo. Washington, D.C.: World Bank.

Fortna, V.P. 2004. “Does Peacekeeping Keep Peace? International Intervention and the Duration of Peace after Civil War.” International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 48, No. 2, pp. 269-292.

Fortna, V.P. and L.M. Howard. 2008. “Pitfalls and Prospects in the Peacekeeping Literature.” Annual Review of Political Science. Vol. 11, pp. 283-301.

Garfinkle, M.R. and S. Skaperdas. 2000. “Conflict Without Misperceptions or Incomplete Information: How the Future Matters.” Journal of Conflict Resolution. Vol. 44, No. 6, pp. 793-807.

Gershenson, D. and H.I. Grossman. 2000. “Civil Conflict: Ended or Never Ending?” Journal of Conflict Resolution. Vol. 44, No. 6, pp. 807-821.

Gilligan, M.J. and E.J. Sergenti. 2008. “Do U.N. Interventions Cause Peace? Using Matching to Improve Causal Inference.” Quarterly Journal of Political Science. Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 89-122.

Gilligan, M.J. and E.J. Sergenti. 2006. “Do U.N. Interventions Cause Peace? Using Matching to Improve Causal Inference." Unpublished manuscript.

Ho, D., K. Imai, G. King, and E. Stuart. 2007. “Matching as Non-parametric Preprocessing for Reducing Model Dependence in Parametric Causal Inference.” Political Analysis. Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 199-236.

Intriligator, M. and D. Brito. 1988. “A Predator-Prey Model of Guerrilla Warfare.” Synthesis. Vol. 76, No. 2, pp. 235-249.

Johnstone, I., B.C. Tortolani, and R. Gowan. 2006. “The Evolution of U.N. Peacekeeping: Unfinished Business.” Die Friedenswarte (Journal of International Peace and Organization). Vol. 80, No. 3-4, pp. 55-71.

Regan, P. 1998. “Choosing to Intervene: Outside Intervention in Internal Conflicts.” The Journal of Politics. Vol. 60, No. 3, pp. 754-779.

Regan, P. 2002. “Third-party Interventions and the Duration of Intrastate Conflicts.” Journal of Conflict Resolution. Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 55-73.

Siqueira, K. 2003. “Conflict and Third-party Intervention.” Defence and Peace Economics. Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 389-400.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.5.1.26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.