The fragility of the Palestinian Authority: Economic causes

Basel Saleh

Abstract


The article examines the evolution of the Palestinian Authority as a paradigmatic case of state evolution from stable political regime to fragile and failing entity. By focusing on the performance of the Palestinian economy following the 1993/94 peace agreements, the study analyzes the forces that caused the fragility of the Palestinian Authority. These are: (1) Israel's chaotic closure policy; (2) the structural weaknesses in the Palestinian fiscal budget; and (3) the economic and trade sanctions imposed in 2000 and 2006. The article identifies some of the major obstacles that need to be overcome in any future peace agreement in order for the Palestinian Authority to be an effective entity that can promote economic progress, democracy, and ultimately be capable of enforcing peaceful coexistence with its neighbors.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Brynen, R. 2000. A Very Political Economy: Peace Building an Foreign Aid in the West Bank and Gaza. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

Collier, P., et al. 2003. Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank and Oxford University Press.

Chauvet, L. and P. Collier. 2005. “Development Effectiveness in Fragile States: Spillovers and Turnarounds.” Working Paper. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/32/59/34255628.pdf. [accessed 2 November 2007].

Ehrenfeld, R. 2002. “Where Does the Money Go? A Study of the Palestinian Authority.” B’nai B’rith. http://www.public-integrity.org [accessed 9 February 2008].

EUFunding.org.uk. 2004. “Managing European Tax Money: Supporting the Palestinian Arabs: A Study in Transparency.” August. http://eufunding.org.uk/FPC2004Report.pdf [accessed 3 June 2008].

Gazit, S. 1995. “The Carrot and the Stick: Israel’s Policy in Judea and Samaria, 1967-1968.” Washington, D.C.: B’nai B’rith.

Hass, A. 2002. “Israel’s Closure Policy: An Ineffective Strategy of Containment and Repression.” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 5-20.

Lamis, A. 1996. “The Palestinian Elections: Moving towards Democracy or One Party Rule.” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 5-16.

Lipset, S. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American Political Science Review, Vol. 53, No. 1, pp. 69-105.

Martinez, L. 2000. The Algerian Civil War: 1990-1998. New York: Columbia University Press.

Nafziger, W. and J. Auvinen. 2003. Economic Development, Inequality, and War: Humanitarian Emergencies in Developing Countries. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Pearlman, W. 2007. “Fragmentation and Violence: Internal Influences on Tactics in the Case of the Palestinian National Movement, 1918-2006.” Unpublished PhD dissertation. Harvard University.

[PHRMG] Palestinian Human Rights Monitoring Group. 2004. “The Chaos of the Corruption: Challenges for the Improvement of the Palestinian Society.” October. http://www.phrmg.org/Corruption%20in%20the% 20Palestinian%20Authority.htm [accessed 1 June 2008].

Preble, C. and J. Logan. 2006. “Are Failed States a Threat to America?” Reason, Vol. 38, No. 3, pp. 32-38.

Roy, S. 2002. “Ending the Palestinian Economy.” Middle East Policy, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 122-165.

Saad, W. 2006. “The Siege: A Study on the Siege of the Palestinian People and Attempts to Overthrow the Government of Hamas.” (In Arabic). Beirut: Al Zaytouna Center for Studies and Consultations. [The book is in Arabic and can be accessed on http://www.alzaytouna.net/arabic/?c=137&a=21524]

Shikaki, K. 1996. “The Palestinian Elections: An Assessment.” Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 17-22.

Simpson, Cam. 2007. “In West Bank, Checkpoints Splinter Palestinian Economy.” The Wall Street Journal. 20 November 2007. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB119549435612298089.html [accessed 2 June 2008].

Sung, H. 2004. “State Failure, Economic Failure, and Predatory Organized Crime: A Comparative Analysis.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 41, No. 2, pp. 111-129.

[UNCTAD] United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. 2007. Report on UNCATD Assistance to the Palestinian People, 11 July 2007. http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/tdb54d3_en.pdf [accessed 15 February 2008].

[UNESCO] United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. 1993. United Nations Seminar on Assistance to the Palestinian People Report. April. Paris: UNESCO.

[USAID] United States Agency for International Development. 2005. “Fragile States Strategy.” http://www.usaid.gov/policy/2005_fragile_states_strategy.pdf [accessed 1 June 2008].

[USAID] United States Agency for International Development. n/a. “U.S. Overseas Loands and Grants” website (The “Greenbook.”): http://qesdb.usaid.gov/gbk/.

World Bank. 1999. “Aid Effectiveness in the West Bank and Gaza.” The Secretariat of the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee. 19 December 1999. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2008/03/26/000334955_20080326113811/Rendered/PDF/430640WP01NO0P10Effectiveness0front.pdf [accessed 2 June 2008].




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.3.2.49

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.