War and reconstruction in northern Mozambique

Tilman Brück

Abstract


The article discusses some of the economic effects of war in northern Mozambique. It indicates how the historical and structural features of the economy of northern Mozambique restricted post-war reconstruction and post-war poverty alleviation. These features include the dominance of only a few cash crops for export, the absence of much rural trading, poor communication infrastructure, and weak political and state institutions. The specific nature of the internal war further weakened the state through the collapse of tax revenue and export earnings and the massive growth of debt and aid, of which little reached rural northern Mozambique. The article also summarizes key aspects of the geography, climate, markets, and social institutions of northern Mozambique, which define the potential production opportunities for peasant households. Finally, the article suggests how post-war reconstruction could have been more effective in achieving faster post-war poverty alleviation in northern Mozambique.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersson, P.Å. and B.B. Sjöö. 1998. Inflation during the Transition to Market in Mozambique. Cambridge, MA and Goteborg.

Andersson, N., C.P. da Sousa, and S. Peredes. 1995. “Social Cost of Land Mines in Countries: Afganistan, Bosnia, Cambodia, and Mozambique.” British Medical Journal 311(7007):718-721.

Arndt, C., H.T. Jensen, and F. Tarp. 2000. “Stabilization and Structural Adjustment in Mozambique: An Appraisal.” Journal of International Development 12:299-323.

Barnes, S. 1998. “Peacekeeping in Mozambique,” pp. 159-177in O. Furley and R. May, eds., Peacekeeping in Africa (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate).

Boothby, N., P. Uptom, and A. Sultan. 1991. Children of Mozambique: The Cost of Survival. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Brück, T. 2000. “The Economics of Civil War in Mozambique,” pp. 191-215 in J. Brauer and K. Hartley, eds.,

The Economics of Regional Security: NATO, the Mediterranean, and South Africa (Amsterdam: Harwood).

Brück, T., E.V.K. FitzGerald, and A. Grisby. 2000. “Enhancing the Private Sector Contribution to Post-War Recovery in Poor Countries.” QEH Working Paper Series. Oxford, Queen Elizabeth House. Available online at: http://www.tilmanbrueck.de

Cliff, J. and A.R. Noormahomed. 1988. “Health as a Target: South Africa’s Destabilization of Mozambique.”

Social Science and Medicine 27(7):717-722.

Cramer, C. 1999. “Can Africa Industrialize by Processing Primary Commodities? The Case of Mozambican Cashew Nuts.” World Development 27(7):1247-1266.

Finnegan, W. 1992. A Complicated War: The Harrowing of Mozambique. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Fok, M. 1995. The Cotton Sub-Sector in Mozambique: Institutional Diversity, Performance and Prospects for Improvement. Maputo, World Bank.

Geffrey, C., 1991. A Causa das Armas. Porto: Edições Afrontamento.

Hall, M. and T. Young. 1997. Confronting Leviathan: Mozambique since Independence. London: Hurst & Co.

Human Rights Watch Arms Project. 1994. Landmines in Mozambique. New York: Human Rights Watch/Africa.

Hume, C. R. 1994. Ending Mozambique’s War. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

Isaacman, A. 1996. Cotton is the Mother of Poverty: Peasants, Work and Rural Struggle in Colonial Mozambique, 1938-1961. Portsmouth: Heinemann.

MacQueen, N. 1997. The Decolonization of Portuguese Africa. London: Longman.

Ministério da Educação. 1994. “Impact o da Guerra na Educação 1983-1992.” Maputo. Ministério da Agricultura. 1994. Unpublished data. Maputo.

Newitt, M. 1995. A History of Mozambique. London: Hurst & Co.

North, D.C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pitcher, M.A. 1996 “Conflict and Cooperation: Gendered Roles and Responsibilities within Cotton Households

in Northern Mozambique.” African Studies Review 39(3):81-112.

Pitcher, M.A. 1996. “Recreating Colonialism or Reconstructing the State? Privatisation and Politics in Mozambique.” Journal of Southern African Studies 22(1):49-74.

Stewart, F. and E.V.K. FitzGerald, eds. 2001. War and Underdevelopment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Strasberg, P.J. 1997. “Smallholder Cash-Cropping, Food-Cropping and Food Security in Northern Mozambique.” Department of Agricultural Economics. East Lansing: Michigan State University.

Synge, R. 1997. “Mozambique’s Peace Process: UN Peacekeeping in Action, 1992-94.” Washington, D.C., United States Institute of Peace Press.

Tschirley, D.L. and M.T. Weber. 1994. “Food Security Strategies Under Extremely Adverse Conditions: The Determinants of Household Income and Consumption in Rural Mozambique.” World Development 22(2) 159-173.

Tschirley, D.L., C. Donovan, and M.T. Weber. 1996. “Food Aid and Food Markets: Lessons from Mozambique.” Food Policy 21(2):189-209.

Tschirley, D.L. and A.P. Santos. 1999. “The Effects of Maize Trade with Malawi on Price Levels in Mozambique: Implications for Trade and Development Policy.” East Lansing, MI: Department of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University.

UNDP. 1998. Mozambique Development Cooperation Report 1995-1997. Maputo.

UNDP. 1998. Mozambique National Human Development Report 1998. Maputo.

UNDP. 1999. Mozambique National Human Development Report 1999. Maputo.

UNHCR and UNDP. 1997. District Development Profiles: Monapo District, Nampula Province. Maputo.

Vines, A. 1998. “Disarmament in Mozambique.” Journal of Southern Africa Studies 24(1):191-206.

Vines, A. 1996. Renamo: From Terrorism to Democracy in Mozambique? London, James Currey.

World Bank. 1990. Mozambique: Restoring Rural Production and Trade. Washington, DC: World Bank.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15355/epsj.1.1.30

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.